(Understanding Economic Development-Class-X) CHAPTER-1-DEVELOPMENT

  • For comparing countries, their income is considered to be one of the most important attributes
  • Average income- the total income of the country divided by its total population.
  • The average income is also called per capita income
  • World Development Report-brought out by the World Bank, 
  • Infant Mortality Rate (or IMR) – indicates the number of children that die before the age of one year as a proportion of 1000 live children born in that particular year. 
  • Literacy Rate measures the proportion of literate population in the 7 and above age group.
  • Net Attendance Ratio is the total number of children of age group 6-10 attending school as a percentage of total number of children in the same age group. 
  • Money may also not be able to protect you from infectious diseases, unless the whole of your community takes preventive steps. 
  • Money cannot buy you a pollution-free environment or ensure that you get unadulterated medicines, unless you can afford to shift to a community that already has all these things.
  • Income by itself is not a completely adequate indicator of material goods and services that citizens are able to use. 
  • Human Development Report published by UNDP compares countries based on the educational levels of the people, their health status and per capita income. 
  • Life Expectancy at birth denotes, as the name suggests, average expected length of life of a person at the time of birth.
  • Gross Enrolment Ratio for three levels means enrolment ratio for primary school, secondary school and higher education beyond secondary school.
  • Per Capita Income is calculated in dollars for all countries so that it can be compared so that every dollar would buy the same amount of goods and services in any country.
  • Groundwater overuse is particularly found in the agriculturally prosperous regions of Punjab and Western U.P., hard rock plateau areas of central and south India, some coastal areas and the rapidly growing urban settlements.”

Leave a Reply